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art inca - Uncu o poncho inca. Tocapu Tunic. Dumbarton Oaks 1550 ()

The Incan tunic or uncu is one of the finest garments that the Incan man wore. Their standardized tapestry woven garments out of camelid fiber are high thread count, and require an intense amount of work and skill. Their function was essential and a necessity in the climate of the Inca state. The tunics and weavings are produced in mass quantities, and obtained a significance in the Incan state. Eyewitnesses of the European invasion saw the local warehouses where the items were kept, and the multitude of wool, cotton, cloth, and garments was astronomical. The houses were filled to the top. Chosen women or aqllas, the most beautiful women in the empire, were taken from their homes at ages of 12-15 in order to maintain their chastity while learning how to cook, spin, weave, brew, and often sing, play music, and cultivate fields. These women were often then given as “gifts” to loyal Incan men in conquered tributary regions, as well as the fine cloth garments. This emphasis on the chosen women and the cloth in the Incan state brings to bear the significance of what the role of these “gifts” played in society. The Inca “gift” of either women, cloth, or beer, meant that if it is accepted, the person gives their loyalty and contract to work for the Inca ruler or state. The idea is called mink’a, “where the feeder proprietor outranks the dependent laborer.” The tunics of the Tiwanaku, and the Tocapu tunics and the chosen women who make them show how the fine tunics illuminate the sociopolitical structure of the Inca and the idea of “gifts,” and mink’a.

art inca - mur a Cuzco ()

la forteresse de Sacsayhuamán (xve siècle). Ce site, situé à deux kilomètres au-dessus de Cuzco, est impressionnant par ses trois énormes murs faits de pierres énormes assemblées dans le plus pur style Inca : sans mortier et avec un ajustement parfait. Certaines pierres font près de 6 m de haut pour presque autant de large. Sur ce site a lieu tous les ans la fête de l'Inti Raimi, fête du soleil à la mode Inca. Elle rassemble des milliers de touristes ; c'est la deuxième fête d'Amérique du Sud

art inca - piece d'ofevrerie ()

Les métaux, d'origine météoritique, étaient surtout travaillés pour la décoration plutôt qu'à des fins utilitaires. Ainsi, la plupart de ces œuvres étaient destinées aux temples (décoration de ceux-ci et objets de culte) et de nombreux bijoux (bracelets, pendentifs et surtout les disques fixés aux oreilles) étaient créés pour parer la famille impériale et les hauts dignitaires.



art inca - artifact ()

The Inca artifacts were beautiful objects made of gold, silver, copper and bronze, the Inca pottery style was inspired mainly from Chimú art. They usually decorated their pottery with bright colors of red, yellow, orange and black.
Gold was reserved for the highest class of Inca society, you know, priests, lords and the Sapa Inca or emperor. The Inca pottery industry was based in the Cuzco area.